In top level chess, dubious openings will generally lead
only to your own pain and suffering, but at less exalted levels they can be a
great way to catch out unwary opponents. In this week’s crop of checkmates,
Sean Marsh takes a look at some quick finishes arising from openings as diverse
as the Blackburne Shilling Gambit and Owen’s Defense.
Blackburne Shilling Gambit
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4
So named because Joseph Henry Blackburne used to play for a
shilling a game and won repeatedly with this trap, although I have yet to see a
game in which ‘The Black Death’ actually played this way. Offhand games usually
went unrecorded. It looks as if Black has blundered away a pawn.
It is best to pause before playing 4…Qg5 if you are playing
for a shilling, to make it look as if you are already improvising.
Maybe Black is an inexperienced player who cannot help
blundering away material?
5…Qxg2 6.Rf1 Qxe4+ 7.Be2
7.Qe2 loses the queen, but players with White will still
think everything is fine, especially as the rook on h8 is clearly doomed.
I have seen this happen many times, usually in Lightning
Chess tournaments at the local chess clubs. If you are White and would like to
spoil Black’s fun then I recommend playing 4.c3!
The Englund Gambit
This is played by people who have the following trap in
mind, but it is not to be recommended in serious games.
2.dxe5 Nc6 3.Nf3 Qe7
Unlike the Budapest Defense, in which Black’s king’s knight
is usually on g4 (as we saw last week), Black has to perform some gymnastics
with the queen to regain the pawn.
This check often comes as a surprise to the unwary. b2, e1
and f4 are all forked by the impudent queen.
5.Bd2 Qxb2 6.Bc3
White won’t mind losing the b-pawn if the e5-pawn can be
maintained. It also looks like White will gain serious time for developing
moves by harassing the queen.
Suddenly the problems become apparent. Black has threats of
7…Bxc3+ and also 7…Qxa1.
Defending the bishop, but White’s house of cards now
collapses under the strain.
7…Bxc3 8.Qxc3 Qc1 checkmate
It is easy to see the appeal of this trap which is another
one I have seen happen several times over-the-board.
The Dutch Defense
The Dutch Defense is a perfectly good way for Black to meet
1.d4, but the disreputable aspect of this particular line lies in the early
advance of all three kingside pawns. This is motivated by greed, as Black
thinks he can use the pawns to trap White’s bishop.
So far, so good.
A tricky line which has claimed many victims.
2…h6 3.Bh4 g5 4.Bg3 f4
The plan is well-intentioned. Is Black simply winning a
Not quite. The e-pawn comes to the rescue. The threat of
5.Qh5 checkmate demands immediate action by Black.
Now 7.Bg6 checkmate is the threat. Black is reduced to
The fragile defense is now swept away.
7.Qxh5+ Rxh5 8.Bg6 checkmate
Owen’s Defense (1.e4 b6) is not as good as the similar
English Defense, as after 1.d4 e6 2.c4 b6 (other move orders are possible)
White’s c-pawn can be seen as a waste of a tempo when the tactics start flying.
1.e4 b6 2.d4 Bb7 3.Bd3 f5
Black is already taking liberties, but a specialist can have
a lot of fun in this line. However, regular readers will already be eyeing
Black’s kingside suspiciously.
4.exf5 Bxg2 5.Qh5+
5…g6 6.fxg6 Nf6
Hoping to lead White into the murky waters of 7.g7+ Nxh5 8.gxh8=Q
with a weird position.
Spoiling Black’s fun.
7…Nxh5 8.Bg6 checkmate
If you enjoyed speedy checkmates in the opening, you may
like to know that there are many more beautiful checkmating patterns in the
Checkmate Patterns Manual, by International Master John Bartholomew and
CraftyRaf. This course won third place in the Chessable Awards for 2020.
There is a shortened, free version of the course here.